What is periodontology?
Periodontology encompasses the diagnosis and therapy of diseases of the periodontal apparatus (periodontium). The most common disease of the tooth structure is called periodontitis. Periodontitis (gum disease) is one of the most common diseases in dentistry and affects about 30% of the population.
What happens when one has periodontitis?
This disease results in a large irreversible changes in the gums and jawbone. If left untreated, gingivitis can lead to tooth loss in the long term. Healthy gums are just as important for maintaining your own teeth as avoiding tooth decay.
What are the main causes for periodontitis?
The main cause of periodontitis can be bacterial plaque. This happens primarily due toi inadequate tooth cleaning. In the field of periodontology, other factors play an important role in addition to oral hygiene.The most common causes include: